What’s chlamydia?

Chlamydia (Chlamydia trachomatis) is a sexually transmitted an infection (STI). STIs are also often known as sexually transmitted illnesses (STD). Chlamydia is a bacterial an infection that impacts each women and men. Chlamydia additionally will be handed on to new child infants by moms throughout supply.

Signs of chlamydia

Within the early phases of the illness, there are sometimes no signs. Most individuals don’t know they’ve it. These signs that may seem 1 to three weeks after publicity to the bacterial an infection. It may well embrace:

  • Painful urination (a burning sensation).
  • Decrease stomach ache.
  • Painful sexual activity.
  • Vaginal discharge in girls.
  • Irregular durations in girls.
  • Discharge from the penis in males.
  • Ache within the testicles in males.
  • Rectal ache, discharge, and bleeding for women and men who interact in anal sexual exercise.
  • Reactive arthritis in each women and men (arthritis that develops from an an infection).

At its worst, chlamydia can harm a girl’s fertility, making it troublesome to get pregnant. Additionally, it may well trigger an ectopic being pregnant (being pregnant that develops exterior the womb). A particularly critical ectopic being pregnant can result in a girl’s demise.

What causes chlamydia?

Chlamydia is attributable to partaking in unprotected sexual exercise (vaginal, anal, and oral) with an individual who has the an infection. It can also unfold simply by touching an contaminated particular person’s genitals.

How is chlamydia recognized?

Your physician will take a pattern of micro organism out of your genitals. For girls, your physician will swab (with a protracted cotton swab) the within of the vagina. For males, she or he will swab the top of the penis. A urine take a look at additionally could also be required. This includes peeing in a cup offered by the physician’s workplace. The urine pattern is shipped to a lab to be examined. If you’re pregnant, your physician could verify you for chlamydia even when you’ve got no indicators of the illness. Chlamydia will be extraordinarily harmful to a new child.

Can chlamydia be prevented or averted?

You possibly can cut back your danger of chlamydia by requiring a associate to make use of a condom. Nonetheless, for the reason that illness can unfold simply by touching your associate’s genitals, know the individuals with whom you might have sexual contact. Restrict your variety of sexual companions. If you’re serious about utilizing a spermicide for contraception, remember that spermicides containing nonoxynol-9 could cause genital irritation. This will really enhance the chance of catching an STD. Nonetheless, utilizing a condom with nonoxynol-9 is healthier than not utilizing a condom in any respect.

Girls ages 25 and youthful who’re having any type of intercourse (oral, vaginal, or anal) ought to be screened by their physician frequently for STIs. Girls ought to keep away from douching (a type of vaginal hygiene). It reduces the “good” micro organism within the vagina and will increase the chance of an infection.

When you have chlamydia, you must inform anybody you might have sexual contact with.

Chlamydia remedy

When you have chlamydia, it may be handled with antibiotic medication. Your physician will prescribe a capsule to be taken by mouth. Your associate additionally could must be examined and handled. Inform your physician if you’re allergic to any kind of antibiotic. End taking your total antibiotic. Don’t interact in sexual contact once more for 7 days after you end all your medication. Inform your physician if you happen to expertise a fever or abdomen ache whereas taking the medication. Additionally, inform your physician if you’re or is likely to be pregnant.

Residing with chlamydia

If left untreated, chlamydia can unfold to completely different elements of your physique. This will trigger further hurt. For instance, if it spreads to your eyes, it may well trigger eye infections and blindness. In girls, the an infection can unfold to the uterus and fallopian tubes (a part of a girl’s reproductive system). The an infection could cause scarring on this space. This will trigger infertility. It can also trigger an ectopic being pregnant. If the an infection is handed on to a new child child via a vaginal supply, it may well trigger pneumonia, a watch an infection, and even blindness within the child. In males, chlamydia can unfold to the testicles and prostate. This will trigger swelling, painful urination, fever, and decrease again ache.

Inquiries to ask your physician

  • Can chlamydia come again as soon as it’s been handled and also you haven’t had any extra sexual contact?
  • Can antibiotics restore any everlasting harm from chlamydia?
  • Is there any kind of preventive medication that may be taken earlier than publicity to the illness?

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